The Susquehanna River Basin is the second largest – next to the Ohio River Basin – east of the Mississippi River. The 444 miles of the Susquehanna drain 27,500 square miles covering large parts of New York, Pennsylvania and Maryland before emptying into the Chesapeake Bay. Two separate Susquehanna River Basin watersheds drain portions of south-central New York State.
The Susquehanna Watershed Program has been working on a plan to lower pollutant limits through a watershed implementation plan. The program also works in coordination with the Upper Susquehanna Coalition. This coalition was formed in 1992 as a multi-county approach to address the growing environmental concerns in the Chesapeake Bay and the Susquehanna River watershed.
The Susquehanna Watershed covers roughly 19.5% of Delaware County. Until 2003, there were few water quality initiatives in this watershed due to lack of funding. Most of this work was through the USDA/NRCS cost share programs, such as the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP).